You probably already know that pallet designs have differing weights and load capacity. But if you want to know more about wooden pallet weight and why pallets seem to have different standards across locations, then we might be able to help.
Why Do Pallets And Their Weights Differ?
There are standard wood pallets that are used across industries, but while the design may be roughly the same, there are a few other variables involved so the weight isn’t exactly alike. For example, the standard 48 x 40 GMA pallet can weigh between 33 to 48 lbs. The weight of the pallet depends on the thickness of the deck boards used and how many of those boards there are in the pallet.
Wood choice is also another factor. Some pallets are made of softwood, which is lighter and cheaper, while others are made of hardwood, which is heavier.
Pallet sizes (and accordingly their weights) also vary across countries or continents, although the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has worked to make at least six pallet dimensions standard across the globe to increase ease of shipping and reusability of the pallets. The six ISO pallets and where they are often used are listed below:
- 48” x 40” (GMA Pallet) – North America
- 45.9” x 45.9” – Australia
- 43.30” x 43.30” – Asia
- 42” x 42” – North America, Asia, and Europe
- 39.37” x 47.24” – Asia and Europe
- 31.5” x 47.24” – Europe
Pallet Weight & Load Capacity
Since there are so many types of pallets, we’ll just focus on the ones most in use in North America.
- 36” x 36” – Pallets with these dimensions are often used in the beverage industry to transport water, soda, and other drinks. These only weigh about 30 lbs. but can carry loads up to 4,700 lbs.
- 42” x 42” – Typically used for shipping paint products and telecommunication equipment, the 42” x 42” wooden pallet can bear up to 3,700 lbs. of weight. By itself, it weighs around 35 lbs.
- 48” x 40” – The GMA pallet is the most common and is used everywhere from the grocery to the construction industry. It is capable of bearing loads that weigh up to 4,600 lbs.
- 48” x 48” – Since these are used to transport drums and barrels of oil and other liquids, the pallets are a little bit heavier and constructed with double stringer boards in the middle for enhanced sturdiness. Each weighs around 40 lbs., and the pallets will safely support up to 3,700 lbs. of weight.
Wooden pallet weight is an important shipping information.
One of the most crucial factors in calculating shipping costs is the pallet weight. Weight influences fuel costs and load capacities. If you’re not sure what pallet or load capacity is needed for your business, drop us a message or call us at (303) 660-0084. Our pallet professionals are always ready to answer any questions you may have.